MAGNESIUM SULFATE AS AN ADJUVANT TO ANESTHESIA IN PATIENTS WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
Keywords:Magnesium sulfate; Hypertension; Hemodynamics; Heart rate; Adjuvants, pharmaceutical; Anesthesia
There is limited evidence showing that elevated arterial blood pressure in surgical patients may be associated with increased perioperative risk; however, cardiovascular instability frequently occurs during anesthesia. The most commonly used anesthetic agents, both intravenous and inhalation ones, produce a decrease in arterial blood pressure. Magnesium, acting as a natural calcium channel blocker, induces direct and indirect vasodilatation, thus playing a role in the treatment of arterial hypertension. In this research, we assessed the effects of magnesium sulfate on cardiovascular stability in patients undergoing diverse planned surgical procedures (abdominal, orthopedic, urology) under general balanced anesthesia, who were diagnosed with arterial hypertension grade 1 and 2. The research encompassed 100 patients of both sexes, aged from 20 to 65. Immediately before induction of anesthesia with propofol, the patients in the experimental group (50 study subjects) received 30 mg/ kg bolus dose and magnesium sulfate infusion at 10 mg/kg/h, whereas the subjects in the control group (50 patients) were administered normal saline. Anesthesia was achieved and maintained with sevoflurane, fentanyl and rocuronium. The hemodynamic variables of mean arterial pressure and heart rate were measured every five minutes, starting immediately before magnesium infusion. Statistical analysis of the categorized values of mean arterial pressure and heart rate revealed a statistically significant between-group difference at 60th and 90th minute of anesthesia. In conclusion, magnesium sulfate as an adjuvant to anesthesia in patients with arterial hypertension reduces hemodynamic changes during anesthesia.